Is pneumococcal the same as pneumonia?

No, pneumococcal is a type of bacteria known as Streptococcus pneumoniae. Pneumonia is an inflammatory condition of the lungs caused by various pathogens including pneumococcus.

What is pneumococcal disease?

Pneumococcal disease is an infection caused by the bacterium Streptococcus pneumoniae. It can cause a range of illnesses from ear infections and sinusitis to more severe conditions like pneumonia, meningitis, and bloodstream infections. The disease is spread from person to person through respiratory secretions, such as saliva or mucus. Vaccines are available that can help prevent this disease.

What are the symptoms of pneumonia caused by pneumococcus?

The symptoms of pneumonia caused by pneumococcus can vary in severity, but typically include a cough with phlegm, fever, difficulty breathing, rapid or shallow breathing, chest pain that is aggravated by deep breathing or coughing, fatigue, sweating and chills. In severe cases, symptoms may include blue-tinged lips or nails due to lack of oxygen and confusion or delirium. It’s important to seek medical attention immediately if you suspect you have pneumonia.

How is pneumococcus transmitted from one person to another?

Pneumococcus, the bacteria that causes pneumococcal disease, is transmitted from one person to another through respiratory secretions such as saliva or mucus. This can happen when an infected person coughs or sneezes near someone else who then inhales the bacteria from the air. It can also be spread through direct contact with these secretions on contaminated surfaces or objects.

Is there a vaccine available for pneumococcal disease?

Yes, there is a vaccine available for pneumococcal disease. There are two types of pneumococcal vaccines currently in use: the pneumococcal conjugate vaccine (PCV13) and the pneumococcal polysaccharide vaccine (PPSV23).

Can someone get pneumonia without having pneumococcus bacteria in their body?

Yes, while pneumococcus bacteria are a common cause of pneumonia, there are other pathogens like viruses, fungi or bacteria such as Legionella or Mycoplasma that can also cause pneumonia. Additionally, non-infectious causes like inhalation of chemicals or aspiration can also lead to pneumonia.

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