Hepatitis A is usually spread through contaminated food or water, or close contact with an infected person. The virus can also spread through poor sanitation and hygiene practices. If you are unsure of how you contracted hepatitis A, it is best to consult a healthcare provider for an evaluation.
What are the common ways to contract hepatitis A?
Hepatitis A is typically contracted by consuming food or water contaminated with fecal matter that contains the virus. It can also be spread through close personal contact with an infected person, such as sexual contact or caring for someone who is ill. The virus can also be transmitted through injection drug use or from mother-to-infant during childbirth.
Can you get hepatitis A from food or water?
Yes, hepatitis A can be transmitted through contaminated food and water. It is caused by the hepatitis A virus and spreads when a person ingests food or drink that has been contaminated with the fecal matter of an infected person.
What are the symptoms of hepatitis A infection?
The symptoms of hepatitis A infection include fever, fatigue, loss of appetite, nausea, vomiting, abdominal pain, dark urine and yellowing of the skin and whites of the eyes (jaundice). These symptoms can commonly last for several weeks.
How can I reduce my risk of getting hepatitis A?
You can reduce your risk of getting hepatitis A by practicing good hygiene such as washing your hands frequently with soap and water, avoiding close contact with people who have the virus, drinking clean and safe water, eating properly cooked food, and getting vaccinated against the virus.
Is there a vaccine for hepatitis A?
Yes, there is a vaccine for hepatitis A.
Can hepatitis A be transmitted through sexual contact?
Yes, hepatitis A can be transmitted through sexual contact with an infected person who has not properly washed their hands after using the bathroom. It can also be spread through contaminated food or water.
How quickly does Hepatitis A onset after exposure?
Hepatitis A onset typically occurs between 15 to 50 days after exposure, with an average of approximately 28 days. However, some people infected with Hepatitis A may not develop symptoms at all.
What should I do if I think I have been exposed to Hepatitis A?
If you think you have been exposed to Hepatitis A, it is recommended that you visit a healthcare professional as soon as possible. They may recommend getting vaccinated or receiving a post-exposure prophylaxis (PEP) shot within two weeks after exposure to prevent infection. Additionally, practicing good hygiene such as washing your hands frequently and avoiding close contact with others can help reduce the risk of contracting the virus.